Friday, 22 September 2017

【佛典故事】四種人的苦與樂

佛陀在舍衛國祇樹給孤獨園弘化時為比丘們開示:世間之人可歸納成四種,是哪四種人呢?有人先苦而後樂;有人先樂而後苦;也有人先苦而後苦;更有人先樂而後樂。

如何是先苦而後樂的人呢?譬如有人一出生就貧窮卑賤,或是以殺生為業的屠戶,或是工匠的後代,或生於信奉邪師外道之家,衣食經常短缺匱乏。即使出身寒微卻無邪見,心中具足正確的見解,認為:世間有施者、受者,也有今生、來世,有沙門、婆羅門,有父、有母,也有阿羅漢等已獲法益的聖者,世上也有善惡果報。

若見到豪門貴族,便知是過去廣行布施和不放逸的善報;如果遇見衣食匱乏的貧戶,便知此人過去未曾行布施之德,因此常處貧賤。同時反省自己:「我今生如此貧賤,衣食短缺,都是由於過去不知修善積福、誑惑世人、行為放逸,造作種種惡業,招感今生貧窮下賤,衣食不充。」所以當見到出家沙門等修善之人,便至誠懺悔,改往修來;若有多餘財物,便與人分享。此人命終將投生善道,如果投胎為人,生於富貴之家,不虞匱乏。這就是先苦而後樂的人。

何謂先樂而後苦的人呢?譬如有人出生在豪門貴族,或是剎帝利、婆羅門、長者等高貴種姓,或是衣食豐足的富貴人家。但是卻常懷邪見,不是執著人死如燈滅的斷見,就是認為人死後還是會投胎為人的常見,因為有這樣的見解,所以認為:「世間沒有施者、受者;也沒有今生、來世與父母,世間更沒有阿羅漢或證得果位的聖人,也沒有善惡果報」。

由於這樣的邪見,如果見到富貴人家,心中便想:「此人恆久以來就擁有這些財寶」,也認定男子永遠是男子,女人永遠是女人,畜生永遠是畜生。既不布施也不持戒,若見奉持戒律的出家沙門、婆羅門,反而瞋心大起說道:「這人真是虛偽!哪裡應該有獲得供養的福報呢?」這樣的人往生後便會墮入地獄;如果投胎為人,出生貧戶,衣食不足,挨餓受凍,衣不蔽體。這是先樂而後苦的人。

什麼樣的人會先苦而之後仍苦呢?有些人生於貧賤人家,或以殺生為業的屠戶,或工匠之家,乃至衣食不濟之家。由於思想偏邪,恆常落入斷見、常見等邪見,心中認為:「世間沒有施者、受者,也沒有今生、來世的善惡果報,也沒有父母,更沒有阿羅漢等證得果位的聖者。」所以不樂布施,也不持戒。如果見到出家沙門等修行人,便起瞋心;如果看到窮人,便說此人從過去到現在都如是貧困;見到富人,便說此人長久以來都如是富貴;看到為人父親的,認定此人從過去到現在都是為人父親,見到作母親的,認為此人從往昔至今都是為人母親。這樣邪見的人往生之後,便墮入地獄受苦;如果能夠生而為人也是極為貧賤、衣食缺乏。這就是先苦而後苦的人。

如何是先樂而後樂的人呢?譬如有人出生於富貴之家,或是剎帝利、梵志種姓;或生於國王、長者種姓,出生豪貴,一生衣食財物豐足,具足正見,更無邪見,心中如是認為:「世上有施者、也有受者,有今生、也有來世,有出家沙門、婆羅門,也有善惡果報,有父、有母,有阿羅漢等聖者」。若見到財寶多饒的富貴人家,心裡便想:「這是往昔廣行布施感得的善報。」如果看到貧賤人家就思惟:「此人過去沒有布施,才會如此貧窮;我現在應該隨緣廣行布施,以免將來生於貧困之家」,因此常以歡喜心慷慨布施。若見出家沙門、修道之人,必定恭敬問訊,盡其所能供養所需的衣服、飲食、臥具與醫藥等。此人壽終之後,將投生天界;如果投胎為人,出生富貴人家,財寶豐足,這就是先樂而後樂的人。

此時,有一位比丘稟佛陀:「我觀察世間的眾生,有些眾生今生先苦而後樂,也有眾生此生先樂而後苦,或者今生先苦而後苦,乃至於這一生先樂而後樂。」

佛陀回答比丘:「的確有這樣的因緣,讓世間有些眾生,在今生先苦而後樂,也有人先樂而後苦,或是先苦而後苦,也有眾生是先樂而後樂。」

比丘請示佛陀:「是什麼樣的因緣讓眾生在此生中,有先苦而後樂,先樂而後苦,或者先苦而後苦,乃至於先樂而後樂的差別呢?」

世尊進一步開示:「諸位比丘!假定人壽百歲以春夏秋冬來區分,有時修善積福做諸功德,有時起種種邪見造作惡業,便會在之後隨不同時間因緣,呈現不同業報,例如冬受樂,夏受苦。倘若在百歲中年以後,廣積福德,未曾造惡犯過;然而中年以前,曾經因為邪見而造不善行,就會先受罪報而後享用福德。如果年少時修善積福,卻在年長以後造作惡業,來世,年少時先享用福報,年老之後就必須承受罪報。若一個人從少年到老年都作惡多端,來生從生至死都是貧賤寒苦;若一生皆廣行布施供養,來世從年輕到老都生活安樂。諸位比丘!由於這樣的因緣,而有先苦後樂,先樂後苦,先苦後苦,先樂後樂的果報之別。」

比丘說道:「世尊!如果有眾生希望先樂而後樂,應當常行布施供養,當得先樂而後樂。」世尊回答:「是的,比丘!如你所說,如果想要成就涅槃及證阿羅漢,乃至於圓滿佛道,應當樂善好施、修諸功德。你們應當要依此學習。」比丘們聽聞佛陀的開示後,皆大歡喜,信受奉行。 

典故摘自:《增壹阿含經.卷第二十一.苦樂品第二十九(一)》

省思
古德云:「欲知過去因,當觀現在果;欲知未來果,當觀現在因。」世間人希求算命改運,卻不知道在因上努力斷惡修善,清淨身口意三業。因果之理,歷然不失,不論貧富貴賤都是自作自受,不由他人。所謂「禍福由因,轉變在緣」,唯有把握當下,端正知見、布施培福,才能從黑暗走向光明、從光明再增光明,掌握、改變自己的命運。


Thursday, 21 September 2017

The benefit and virtue of saving and releasing animals

Life release is a traditional Buddhist practise of saving the lives of beings that were destined for slaughter.  These animals will be killed and eaten if not saved.
Any living creature that is about to be cooked or killed is suitable for this practice. It even include those small animals or living baits that are sold for consumption by other animals.
The practice of life release brings great merit and incredible benefits. Some of main benefits include extending your life and the lives of others, healing and in some cases curing serious diseases, removing obstacles that are holding you back in life and so on. The main benefit is that you will create the causes to attain enlightenment in the very near future.
Precautions when saving and releasing animals:
1. Do not go to the same stall when buying animals, this will encourage the stall owner to bring in more stocks
2. Do not reserve or advance bookings of the quantity of animals you required although you may be charged cheaper
3. Do not always release the animals to the same place. Try releasing to different locations. This will prevent other people from catching and hurt the animals after you have released them
4. Release the animals to a suitable environment. Such as sea water creatures back to salt sea water instead of releasing into fresh water ponds etc
Chant "Namo Amitaba" several times when releasing the animals as a simple ceremony.

Source : enlightenhuman.com


Wednesday, 20 September 2017

20 - 9 - 2017 (农 历 八 月 初 一)记得吃素念佛,行善积德,广结善缘

20 - 9 - 2017 (农 一)
大德们请记得吃素念佛,行善积德,广结善缘
*******************************
恭念,赞叹,瞻礼,供养:南无阿彌陀佛

念佛的十大利益

1.常得一切天神隐形守护
2.常得一切菩萨常随守护
3.常得诸佛昼夜护念,阿弥陀佛常放光明,摄受此人
4.念佛之人,光明烛(照)身,四十里之遥(远)一切恶鬼,皆不能害;一切蛇龙毒药,悉皆不受。
5.水火冤贼,刀箭牢狱,横死枉生,悉皆不受
6.先所作业,悉皆消灭。所杀冤命,彼蒙解脱,更无执对。
7.夜梦正直,或梦见阿弥陀佛胜妙色像
8.心常欢喜,颜色光泽,气力充盛,所作吉利。
9.常为一切世间人民恭敬、喜欢、礼拜。
10.临命终时,心无怖畏,正念现前,得见阿弥陀佛与诸圣众,持金莲花,接引往生西方极乐世界。


Tuesday, 19 September 2017

今天9月19日(二) 農曆七月廿九日【南無地藏王菩薩誕辰暨六齋日、十齋日】

今天919() 農曆七月廿九日【南無地藏王菩薩誕辰暨六齋日、十齋日】

【地藏菩薩滅定業真言】唵,缽囉末鄰陀寧,娑婆訶

【地藏菩薩真言】嗡 嘎貝 他伶

地藏菩薩妙難倫,化現金容處處分。

三途六道聞妙法,四生十類蒙慈恩。
明珠照徹天堂路,金錫振開地獄門;
累劫親姻蒙接引,九蓮臺畔禮慈尊。

【佛讚地藏菩薩偈】
汝以堅固清淨心 滅除無量有情苦
令眾得樂如獲寶 復似金剛斷疑網
汝以大悲極精進 呈獻善逝諸聖供
如海智慧息眾苦 無畏無懼超三界


敬請點燈、誦經、持咒、念佛、誦戒、持齋戒、放生功德殊勝行。

邀請您 並將這殊勝功德虔誠與一切眾生們一起分享並迴向身心輕安、正念相續、證得道智、果智、直至涅槃!

Monday, 18 September 2017

淨空老法師:你要沒有貪嗔癡,你不會生病

我們要學佛,頭一條要學佛的知足。知足到什麼程度?可以過最簡單的生活。佛示現這樣的知足,我們在經上看到,他一生的生活是日中一食,樹下一宿

樹下一宿,戒律裡講得很清楚,這一棵樹下不能住兩宿,明天呢?明天換一棵樹。為什麼?眾生習氣很重,怕你留戀。

這棵大樹很好,蔭涼很大,你在這裡,明天你還到這裡來,後天還到這裡來,你就生貪心,不許可,你一定要換個地方。這是什麼?教你斷貪戀的煩惱,斷貪嗔癡。
貪嗔癡是所有一切病苦的根源,你要沒有貪嗔癡,你不會生病。所以身體裡面有貪嗔癡病毒,外面受一點點風寒的干擾,你就會生病;或者是受一點刺激,這個刺激是什麼?煩惱、怨恨、惱怒,你病就來了。

如果心地清淨,在日常生活當中保持著清淨平等心,逆境不生怨恨、不生煩惱,順境不生貪戀,你永遠不會生病。
這佛法裡說得很清楚,現在的醫學也證明,我們現在社會上種種這些疾病的來源,都是自己找來的。

你如果真的覺悟,從心理上改變,斷惡修善,懺除業障,病自己就好,不需要用醫藥。醫藥是個小的輔助而已,真正病好是靠自己心轉變。

我們身體這個病痛是業報,把染污的心轉變成清淨的心,業消掉了,病就沒有了,什麼病都沒有了。

南無阿彌陀佛

Thursday, 14 September 2017

今日教言

🌻2017.9.14 | 今日教言
很多人非要专门固定自己的修行,觉得时间一定要空出来,什么干扰都要远离,但这样的话,能有多少时间修行也很难说,所以,修行的时间和环境不要定下来,只要自己的心能约束,任何时间、任何地方都可以。--《入行论广解》


Tuesday, 12 September 2017

Dhammapada Stories - Sainthood On Top of A Pole

ONCE A WANDERING TROUPE Of circus performers were invited to the palace to perform for the king and his court. Among the troupe’s jugglers and acrobats was a charming young lady who danced with grace and agility on the top of a long pole. One of the young men in the audience, named Uggasena, fell in love with her and eventually married her. Finally when it was time for the troupe to move on to another town, he and his new wife decided to move on with them.

Uggasena, himself, though, did not have any special talent that the troupe could use, and so was relegated to moving and packing crates, driving carts, and other menial tasks. This displeased his wife.

After some time, they had a son. One day, Uggasena could not help but overhear the lullaby his wife was singing to their child: “You poor child, your father can only carry boxes and drive carts. Your father is truly worthless”.

Thinking that his wife’s arrogance was due to her skill as an acrobat, he decided to become one himself. He asked his father-in-law to train him, and not long after, he was ready to perform. On the day of his performance, he climbed up his pole with facility, and once on top, did somersaults that left the audience gasping in horror but utterly delighted.

While he was performing, the Buddha happened to pass by and saw that Ugassena was ripe for arahatship. So he drew the audience’s attention away from Ugassena by his will power and left him stranded on top of his pole with no applause. “My wife will laugh in my face,” Uggasena thought, “if she finds out that the audience lost interest in my act even before I was half way through it?” Feeling distraught, he just sat on his pole and sulked.

The Buddha then called up to him and said, “A wise man should work diligently toward abandoning all forms of attachment and thus be free from having to be born again”.

Uggasena reflected on the Buddha’s words and attained arahatship while still sitting on top of his pole.
  
Morale of The Story

“Give up the past, give up the future, give up the present. Having reached the end of existences, with a mind freed from all conditioned things, you will not again undergo birth and decay.”
          {Verse 348}

Source : Ye Thu Aung

Monday, 11 September 2017

今日教言

有了财产之后,一定要用于布施,这样才能遣除不必要的痛苦,为来世种下安乐之因。如果布施时发心比较大,完全可以改变自己的命运,因此,我们有条件时,在无有吝啬的情况下,应当尽量布施或供养。--《二规教言论讲记


Sunday, 10 September 2017

無益的祈禱

一位名叫伽彌尼的青年前來拜訪釋迦牟尼佛。

他問道:佛陀!人如果做了壞事,向神祈禱,可以得到幸福嗎?

佛沒有正面回答他這個問題,反問道:如果把大石頭扔到河里,你向神祈禱,它會浮上來嗎?

伽彌尼搖頭答道:不會的,佛陀!

佛說:人如果造了惡業,即使向神祈禱,也絕對得不到幸福,因為惡業一定是會墮落的。

佛又問伽彌尼:如果把油倒在河里,你向神祈禱,它會沉下去嗎?

不會的,佛陀!

佛接著開示:所以,人如果造了善業,即使你向神祈禱,要他墮落,也是絕對不可能的,因為善業一定是會上升的。(金明法師《道德教育》)

鬼神能知曉人的壽命及禍福,但並不能做任何改變,更不能主宰人的貧富貴賤,但卻能令人造惡殺生。(《譬喻經》)


──摘自《因果故事》

Friday, 8 September 2017

十念法是十句阿彌陀佛

十念法是十句阿彌陀佛,每一句記得清清楚楚,十句。如果沒有這個能力,怕當中產生錯誤,可以把它分段,分成兩段,一段五句,從一到五,從六到十。不是從一到五、從一到五,那就不是十念,從一到五,從六到十。或者分三段,一二三、四五六、七八九十,這樣也行,記得清楚,念得清楚。一天早晚課用這個方法行,平常有空都用這個方法也行。總而言之,念佛最重要的是讓我們時時刻刻能記得阿彌陀佛,這是最重要的意思,不要把阿彌陀佛忘掉了。關鍵是在最後一念,四十八願第十八願,能不能往生是最後一念,這不能不知道。

——淨空老和尚開示